Chitwan National Park is Nepal's first national park and was established in 1973 and covers 932 sq.kms. It lies in the south-central part of Nepal, 170 km from Kathmandu and was enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage list in 1984. It consists of riverine Sal (shorea robusta) forests, and grasslands nurtured by rich fertile soil and drains flowing off Narayani, Rapti and Reu Rivers.
The park is home to 570 species of flowering plants, 68 fish species, over 17 reptile species and 40 mammalian species. Chitwan National Park is famous for the endangered one-horned Asian Rhinos, Royal Bengal Tiger, Gharial Crocodiles and Asian Elephants. Other attractions include Sloth bear, deer, leopards and monkeys.
There are almost 500 bird species in Chitwan, making it one of the world's hotspots for bird-watching. Cormorants, egrets, stork, cranes and kingfishers are just a few of the native birds living in this beautiful environment.